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Nything about Albania Reading this book it s like the land that time forgot because you re never uite sure where you are in history As it turns out it s Albania between the two World Wars but there are no clues Two story threads which meet but in an unsatisfying way a land where blood vendettas between families last for centuries people are travelling by coach but it doesn t seem like another century just a palce where progress has forgotten to arrive I can t say that I liked the book or didn t like the book only that it took me to a place where I d never been and scared the shit out of me a bit When reading this book I recalled Blindness of Saramago Broken April is haunting dark disturbing and yet strangely attractive The narration is so matter of fact yet the chill of death is looming in very word It is the story of the relentless Kanun holding sway over the Albanian mountainsmen The currency of the Kanun is death and so death seems as ver present as money is in our society There is always a sense of weirdness and unreality in the way the Mountainsmen deal with death revenge honour realtionshipsobeisance Yet there is the uncanny feeling that our so called modern society is perhaps no different in the way it kills and mechanises death The only difference perhaps is the great democracy of death under Kanun in contrast to the modern ritual democracy coupled with hypocrisy of patriotism and other isms which send the young meek gullible poor into the jaws of death Broken April is a historical fiction novel based on true facts about Albania s past However I thought a particular plot device an ancient book of laws and social s which is the source of the problems that the main character Gjorg Berisha ndures was a fictional invention of the author Ffs what real life culture would codify into their common law rules about ritual assassinations a cascading continuation of murder after murder of selected individuals to be passed down from generation to generation No society would make up such an idiotic Code Right No never happened Uh waitThe mind boggling discoveries I made after googling some of the Doctor Illuminatus elements in this translated story written in 1978 are that ritual blood feuds actually happened in Albania s past and are STILL happening today in the rural areas and mountains of Albania Plus an ancient book of laws and s a book called the Kanun which describes how when and where these murders should occur along with reuired ritual chanting which must be performed while murdering is actually a real book STILL followed religiously by some rural villages in AlbaniaThe descriptions of what this ancient book contains remind me of parts of the u ran Bible and Torah only WAY bizarre since the laws in this book demand people follow additional social rules of ritual murder that seem insane to me Any kind of death whether accidental or intentional begins anndless spiral of ritualized murder which must be performed within a year to restore the dead person s family s or village s honor The dead person who is being avenged does not The Real Witches Kitchen even have to be known to anyone in the village where the person died The person who died could be a total stranger who was a temporary guest of a villager like a thirsty traveler stopping to ask for a drink of water who then was attacked by an unknown robber after leaving the village The villager not the unknown robber becomes responsible for satisfying the Code of Blood Feud as stated in the KanunUnbelievably there is a traditional legal system set up in the participating villages of Albania to adjudicate the Code Certain Albanianlders are judged to be sufficiently learned in interpreting the laws of the Kanun These gentlemen are sent for whenever there is a uestion who should be killed in response to a death and who should be the justicer as the murderer is officially named It does not matter if the honor murder is performed on an innocent man or a guilty one as long as the selected individual satisfies the Kanun laws and rituals The murder must be undertaken only in certain areas of a home or a town in certain times of the day within a year A person selected to be murdered can travel safely while on certain designated roads and paths but as soon as that person leaves the safe road or path then that person can be murdered There are also designated safe houses which actually are towers made of stone built here and there across the landscape in Albania These towers are full of The Preachers Kid ex justicers who are now vulnerable to revenge in the chain of murders in these blood feuds These men can never leave the tower without fearing a bullet to the head The Code reuires that a murdered man s death must be avenged and then that person s murder must be avenged and then that murder must be avenged and then that murder must be avengedtc Forever Literally forever I am not joking or O Testamento exaggerating In addition if the murder is bungled and only wounds are sustained by the selected person to have been murdered then the justicer has to pay the victim a fine forach wound Or they could count the wound as part settlement of the blood that was owed In that case the justicer can inflict wounds until the blood account was fully paid Else the clock is still ticking when the murder must occur by the justicer on the victim and a fine is still owed the victim for Gangbang Slut each wound Once the justicer accomplishes his blood feud revenge murder then he must pay a death tax to the local authorities the authority who is in charge of collecting the blood tax is called The Steward of the Blood The justicer can be granted the short bessa a 24 hour truce by the murdered man s family or the murdered man s family can agree to giving the justicer a month long truce the long bessa At thend of the bessa the justicer can be killed by another appointed justicer in revenge unless he goes to live in a tower of refuge unable to One Con Glory ever leave the tower for the rest of his lifeTraditional law is a bitch gentle readerAnother character in the novel Bessian Vorpsi is a journalist He is on his honeymoon with his beautiful wife Diana traveling to the high plateaus of the Albanian mountains They both are modern urbanites but Bessian has always wanted to see the Code at work He thinks the Kanun is a romantic relic of Albanian history majestic and legendary But as their journey proceeds he is puzzled and by Diana s behavior As they pass men wearing black ribbons the sign of the wearer being part of a blood feud and thus a walking dead man Diana becomes withdrawn Was it a mistake to have a honeymoon in the mountains She did not know much about the Code but as hexplains it to her as they travel she gets uieter and uieter What is wrong Does she not see it is the glorious choice of Shakespeare s Hamlet made largeAuthor Ismail Kadare is probably unknown to most of us gentle reader But he is famous in Europe Defying Shadows (Rising Shadows especially in France and Albania In 2005 he won the Man Booker International Prize He also has been mentioned as a candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature He was born in Albania and went to University in Tirana Albania He attended the Gorky Institute for World Literature a school for writers and critics in Moscow Because of governmental disapproval of his books and other writings he asked for and was granted asylum in 1990 in FranceAt first I believed I was reading only a historical fiction novel about the culture of Albania thatxisted long ago in the past and later as I progressed deeper into the story of Broken April I thought maybe it was also a symbolic folktale of Albania because of the novel s literary architecture No The story is not only those things Instead I learned that Kadare s story about the The Great Orange Leonard Scandal (Tall Tales Series; 4) early 20th century Albanian mountain and village people of the past is a real life culture of people who still live outside of the legal governmental framework of Albania as if they were in the midst of the Middle Ages and not part of the 21st century I read that Broken April takes place between the World Wars but it is difficult for me to believe that The people of the Albanian plateaus live like people of the 13th century in my opinion The protagonists travel by horse and carriage horseback and of course on foot However on page 35 Gjorg Berisha one of the main characters sees an airplane in the sky flying overhead and knows what it is Amazing I am still in shock by this story link to a description and history of the KanunhttpsenmwikipediaorgwikiKanunHere is a link to an interview with the author American version of a blood feud A to Z around the world A is for Albania It took a while for me to write this review because I wanted to say uite a lot and I did not know where to start or how to organize my thoughts still don t Real life interference did not helpither This is going to be long so I made some headlines for Tangled Webs (The Black Jewels, easier navigation The Author and the novel in shortIsmail Kadare is probably the best know Albanian writer and one of the best resources to learn about the country s tumultuous past culture and mentality He started writing during the Commu. Hunted down After shooting his brother's killer young Gjorg isntitled to thirty days' grace not nough to see out the month of AprilThen a visiting honeymoon couple cros.
Nist regime in Albania and most of his work was ither criticized or banned in the country because it appeared to criticized the regime Kadare became famous internationally when his novel The General of the Dead Army was published in France In Broken April Kadare writes about one of them most peculiar and specific parts of Albanian culture the feudal set of laws Kanun and its terrible Vendetta rules Gjakmarrja When one person is killed the family members are bound to revenge the murder by taking the life of the killer and so on In the novel Gjorgu kills his brother s murderer and is waiting his turn to be hunted down by the dead man s family He has to perform all the necessary preparations for the vendetta to continue its bloody course including a walk to a distant village to pay a blood tax to the region s ruling familyBessian and Diana are in their Honeymoon Since the husband makes a living writing about the Kanun he proposed to visit the remote mountain villages where the laws are most prevalent Although at the beginning the couple is close as they continue their journey and discover about the traditions they become and distant While Bessian finds himself fascinated by the Kanun and Gjakmarrja Diana is silently appalled One day Diana sees Gjorgu as he returns from the blood tax payment and becomes fascinated by the young man and marked by his sad destiny During the remaining of their trip the couple will be followed by the specter of Gorju s impending death Albanian HistoryTo understand the appearance of The Kanun in Albania I believe the history of the country should be understood It was the victim of numerous wars occupations and sorrows like almost all Balkan countries My Albanian GR friend Lorena wrote this to me about her country s history and I believe it xplains a lot Albania was always a cross country where rulers kings princes leaders of various countries came and went away ach of them draining the people s Elisabeth Shue 135 Success Facts - Everything You Need to Know about Elisabeth Shue energy and motive Don t forget the romanmpire rule the Byzantium rule ottoman The Man Without a Face empire rule for almost 500 years 2 world wars and later the Italian protectorate Just think about what a mixture of mentalities and circumstance behaviours developed throughout history The different rulers and lack of trust in justice made the remote villages in the mountains to develop their own set of rulesThe Kanun According to Wikipedia The Kanun was developed by Lek Dukagjini who codified thexisting customary laws It was spread mainly in the mountainous North of the country where foregners and their laws could not Happy Easter, Mouse! (If You Give...) enter It can also be found in the surrounding areas formerly in Yugoslavia where there is a largethnic Albanian population Montenegro Kosovo and Macedonia It was first codified in the 15th century and it was used in that for until 20th century It was recently after the fall of the communist regime in the Gone (Gone, early 1990s While not uniue in concept it s strict set of rules made Albanian Kanun probably the most fearedRegarding the Gjakmarrja the laws say that if someone is killed the family members have to find and revenge the murder with blood However it doesn t stop here The family of the initial murderer now has to revenge their death and so on The result is generations old family feuds and hundreds of deaths resultingven in the complete decimation of a family If this was crazy note that if a person is murdered as a guest the host is responsible to revenge the death So if you are lucky Threads Of The Shroud enough to have your guest killed then the course is on you The person is someone s guest until it leaves the borders of the village where the host s house is located If the murdered person is outside the village but still looking towards it then the responsibility is still with the host Maybe this is a good reason not to have any visitors in your house isn t it Well you can t According to the Kanun visitors cannot be deniedntrance in a house without facing serious punishment In the novel an All Seated on the Ground entire village was burned down because they refused to shelter a visitor As such if a stranger knock on the door he has to be received no matter if he wears the Gjakmarrja mark a black bandana around the arm I also have to mention a few marriage rules Marriage is never cancelled Even if the future wife is dying she will be brought to get married If there is a death in the family the marriage will continue The dead goes out of the house and the wife inside The husband receives from the woman s family together with the dowry a bullet in case the wife is unfaithful I was appalled by all these rules which in my opinion are barbaric and illogic I might be able to understand them in feudal ages but some of them are still used Today Many Albanian have left the country citing the blood feuds as the reason for their refugee seeking Some were fake true as thendemic corruption in Albania found a way to make money from this as well Corruption and bad management of the state is actually one of the main reasons of the Kanun revival People believe that when the law does nothing to help then the responsibility for justice falls in one s own hands Feelings about Broken AprilThe writing is simple clinical without Untitled. embroideries However the feeling of doom and irreversibility is masterfully done The repetition of the Kanun laws coming from different characters only adds to the overhanging dark atmosphere Gorju s silent reluctance to fulfill the laws which are bound to lead to his ultimate death and his preparations gave me goose bumps The relationship between the married couple and theirually silent fallout added to the story and give two opposing perspectives that a stranger to these customs could have when heshe is faced with them I am thankful that I read Broken April Wiring even if it haunted my dreams for a while Also now I understand the Taken movie plot The Ultimate Novel of the Blood Feud in AlbaniaBlood feuds havexisted in many parts of the world throughout history The USA with its Hatfields and McCoys is no stranger to the custom Against All Odds either The practice seems to run most deeply in remote mountainous areas where there is no state power The tribal societies there often develop a code of justice to provide rules for an otherwise rule less society A code of the blood feud develops to handle murder cases Nowhere that Iver heard of did the system Jingling Daddys Bells BDSM Menage evolve into such an intricate traditional code of laws as in the mountainous highlands of Albania There the Kanun or Law of Lek Dukagjini spread throughout the lawless region now lying in northern Albania Kosovo and Montenegro a region that largely maintained its own identity and customs throughout the centuries long period of Turkish rule tomerge in 20th century Europe with the blood feud still flourishingKadare Albania s premier writer has written a vivid dark novel that not only captures the details of highland Albanian life in the 1920s but also shows the ultimate tragedy for a society that allows murder to follow murder inexorably and unchallenged A couple from the urbanized less traditional lowlands go for their honeymoon into the highlands riding in a horse drawn carriage a great luxury for the highlanders mainly because roads were very scarce The man a writer tends to romanticize the blood soaked traditions of his country s remote regions At the same time Gjorg a young highlander who has killed a man in revenge for his brother is given a month s truce before he in turn will become a target He can The DOS expect a bullet at any moment after April 17 hence his April is broken into safe and dangerous parts His fate intersects with those of the literate travellers and the book comes to its inevitablending For a novel that Against All Odds explores seldom seen territory written in a terse but beautiful style please read this book Since thend of communism in 1991 the blood feud has returned to Albania still often lawless in its mountain areas This book is no fossil Jings Just about the most depressing book I have Sleep, Circadian Rhythms, and Metabolism ever read powerful bleak and timeless It s sometime in post Ottoman pre Hoxha Albania and a blood feud is playing itself out through theyes of a young mountaineer who is hopelessly caught in the game while a couple of urban honeymooners are rubbernecking their way around the High Plateau Then it gets a bit Passage to India as done by Kafka And it s drizzling in the grey mountains where the widow in black sits by the road above the village where all the men are hiding in towersREREAD A year later now in Albania and with a year 11 class as a class text We haven t had time to do it in much depth but I at least have had a deeper plunge into it and frankly it s a towering thing Truly great European literature with rich layered images and subtle devastating truths Not all of Kadare is like this and so far in my reading this is by far the bestREREAD AGAIN and again with a class this time in depth I m still blown away This time I particularly found Mark Ukacierra to be interesting A visceral breakdown of Treasons, Stratagems, And Spoils emotions A darkness of souls A terrific relationship between theye and the world Beautiful climax A film. S the path of the fugitive The bride's heart goes out to Gjorg and Payment Due even these 'civilised' strangers from the city risk becomingmbroiled in the fatal mechanism of vendetta.
Broken April is a haunting story with an out of time charm There are not many novels around with such a simple and yet powerfully Vampireville (Vampire Kisses, evocative style More than the plot in itself what counts here is the atmosphere Kadare is able to recreateI actually perceived the mist and the cold as well as the brightless nights and the wind swept landscapes where the novel takes place with an uncommon intensityAs a reader who getsasily distracted Broken April meant an unusual business to me this book never lost its grip over me from the very first to the last pageI don t know that much about Albania apart from being aware that Italian fought a useless and aggressive war there We will break the kidneys of Albania barked Mussolini back in 1939 and that the country hosted one of the most senseless dictators Pirate of the Pacific (Doc Savage, even for the crazy communist standards in the world Enver HoxhaFor a striking majority of Italians contemporary Albania is a God forsaken country a place good for ruffians pimps prostitutes and hosting bogus universities where our dull politicians get their fake degrees Besides the massive waves of desperate immigration coming from the coasts of Albania which reached Italy in the 1990s didn t help in the way our neighbours are perceived It s true how there are Albanians involved in criminal activities in Italy but then again it s always the bad guys who get all the news Just like it happens with Romanians who share a similar bad reputation in Italy and had a megalomaniac dictator too there are thousands of good honest hardworking and considerate Albanian immigrants between the Alps and Sicily But this is pretty obvious isn t itBroken April deals at the same time with backwardness and cultural heritage of Albania introducing theually wonderful and terrifying Kanun an ancient code to settle arguments and controversies in the remote Albanian plateaus A code where vengeance through family feuds under brutal but strict rules is a focal point and that reminded me uite a lot the way disputes were handled in some parts of southern Italy and Sardinia The Albanian Kanun however seem to be structured and taken seriously by the local inhabitants than its Italian less official counterpartsThis novel speaks about the Kanun and the people living and uite often dying according to its principles but it s also an The Rich and the Profane (Lovejoy, excellent cross section of the Albanian mountaineers a people able to welcome the Church and the Islam without losing most of its peculiar habits and with a fascination for towers There is a distinct beauty in the uniueness of Broken April and this uality than compensates the slight disappointment of a plot and annding which could have been a bit better Not that it really matters as what makes this novel very good is not its storytelling but where the story itself happens This is the first book by Ismail Kadare I ve Turbulence ever read and most likely the first of a long series Here we have an author who definitely has something to say and somewhere to speak about I d like to listen of it So like pretty muchveryone Tropical Bioproductivity else I read this book as part of my reading around the world challenge for Albania This wasn t my intended Albania book I had hoped to find a book about Albanian religious history since I know Albania has a long and fascinating history involving religious freedom and tolerance However it seems this is the author all Albanians recommend so I succumbed to it So Broken April has three main characters First we meet Gjorg Gjorg has just murdered a man as part of his family s blood feud He now has a month to live while knowing after this month is over he will be murdered by a relative of his victim Next we meet Bessian and Diana They are a married couple traveling around the Albanian mountains Bessian sees much beauty in the blood feud traditions while Diana is horrified For a lack of better word this book is strange It s very literary which I usually don t like It s one of those books where there s isn t much of a plot and where we never get to see than a skin deep view of the characters I am still confused as to whether Bessian and Diana are Albanians or not so it might be a problem with my own reading or it just never getsntirely Elizabeth Ann Seton explained It s also not clear when this book is set Something about thentire thing feels like a fantasy land than an actual depiction of a countryside To be Die Postmoderne Konstellation entirely honest I didn t like this book but I don t have any good reason why I suppose it felt like it didn t uite progress anywhere It s hard to feel for any character Bessian and Diana seem like strangers there s no chemistry between them and I couldn t believe that they re married Gjorg was promising but it was hard to care about him because we never really see him as a person I don t feel like I know who he is other than another participant in a blood feud He doesn tven seem to be sad about his brother s death And this is such a missed opportunity because a brief look at Kanun s Wikipedia page left me very intrigued Blood feuds were still a thing in Albania in 2014 although their communist leader tried to put an Folk Tales From the Soviet Union end to it in his time This is wild It is also a huge political uestion If anntire society agrees to a specific set of laws can a government actually force them to stop At this point it seems to be such a cultural heritage and obviously way too many people have died for nothing but is it the government s job to make this stop This book doesn t provide any kind of analysis other than Bessian being somewhat of a psychopath All in all this just wasn t the book for me Kadare was trying to create a specific mood here but I just wasn t feeling it Maybe studying this book in a literature class would work better but I can t say I m finishing this book with a strong urge to read of his work What I m Taking With Me Bessian is absolutely the type of guy who makes Ulysses and the Trojan War excuses for rapists like men are just built to rape this is human nature I visited Albania forxactly one afternoon and my only real memory is that I spent the day before reading a ton of facts about Albania so Tall, Dark Rich every other thing I said was did you know that Albania I am a delight to travel with in case anyone was wondering So did you know that Albania has bunkers spread around thentire country due to a leader who was paranoid Work Adventures after 3 months of not working I was an awkward mess for the first 20 minutes because I literally forgot how to socialize I m just here like how do people The Collector's Encyclopedia of Antique Marbles even speak This job makes me feel like this world is tiny and we can all celebrateach other s cultures Taught to Obey every day all day and it s just the best feelingver My public speaking skills deteriorate through video calls so that s great I didn t realize people could be as attractive as this guy from Brazil but dear god he literally looks like a model I am shocked Every person I ve Learning to Dance in the Rain ever met from Egypt is so lovely and man we absolutely need to get peace in this region so that I will get to know of these wonderful people Ahh all I want to do in life is travel but I have so much statistics homework why is life like this I complained to people from almostvery continent about my university so I feel like I ve done my job at shaming them for their behavior Set in the interwar years this haunting novel tells of an Albanian blood feud Gyakmarrja as it affects several people Gjorg George the unwilling killer of his murdered brother s killer Bessian and Diana a honeymooning couple who want to see the mountain area of Albania and to investigate the customs firsthand and Mark the steward of the blood He collects what is called a blood tax from a murderer s family and maintains Book of the Blood giving details of Rebel (The Change, every blood feud going back centuries Gjorg has a grace period or truce bessa of thirty days before he becomes fair game for the bullet of his victim s family Should a member of the victim s family kill Gjorg this will restore their honor Gjorg s story was the most fascinating the murder what he does in his time of reprieve and his final shocking though inevitable fate I felt Bessian was only a mouthpiece toxplain the Kanun the rigid set of laws governing Man of Her Dreams (The Enforcers, every aspect of life and death of the mountain folk Diana represented an outsider s view of the culture and Mark represented officialdom upholding the Kanun This was a glimpse into a violent brutal culture Remote Albania still lives under its tenets in the present The simple unvarnished style made it readable in a short time for me This dark short novel is a good introduction to Kadare Dec 27 2014 I ve recently viewed Beneath the sun a 2001 Brazilian movie with setting changed from Albania the novel to rural Brazil but with the same theme of blood feud I did reread the novel and it was just as good the second time This is a strange book When I lived inastern Europe I was told there were two sorts of Eastern European countries those which were highly developed and industrialized Czechoslovakia Poland Hungary and those which were not Bulgaria Romania as well as those which were a mix of the two Yugoslavia Soviet Union but no one knew From the moment that Gjorg's brother is killed by a neighbour his own life is forfeit for the code of Kanun reuires Gjorg to kill his brother's murderer and then in turn be.
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Ismail Kadare also spelled Kadaré is an Albanian novelist and poet He has been a leading literary figure in Albania since the 1960s He focused on short stories until the publication of his first novel The General of the Dead Army In 1996 he became a lifetime member of the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences of France In 1992 he was awarded the Prix mondial Cino Del Duca; in 2005 he wo